Previous Fora / 2005 / Programme


Plenary speakers 


- Mohammed HASSAN

- Alexandre LAMFALUSSY


- LU Yongxiang

- Goverdhan MEHTA

- Princess Chulabhorn MAHIDOL

- Mosibudi MANGENA



- Atta-ur-RAHMAN


- Prince El Hassan bin TALAL

- Hiroyuki YOSHIKAWA


- Session I

- Peter A. FREEMAN


- Session II

- Mustafa El-TAYEB

- Session III

- Sir Roger ELLIOTT



- Session IV

- Goverdhan MEHTA


- Session V

- Walter ERDELEN


- Session VI


Thematic speakers

- Shere ABBOTT

- Akito ARIMA

- Tariq BANURI


- André BERGER


- Pieter Drenth

- Sir Brian Fender



- Turner ISOUN

- Jill JAEGER, Senior researcher, Sustainable Europe Research Institute


- Junjiro KANAMORI

- Kovács László

- William LANOUETTE, Writer and Public Policy Analyst, Leo Szilárd biographer, USA

- LAX D. Péter

- Pierre LÉNA

- Brendan MACKEY



- Khsoto MOKHELE


- Sospeter MUHONGO

- Romain MURENZI

- György PÁLFI

- Greg PERRY

- Danny Quah

- Yves QUÉRÉ, Co-chair, Inter-Academy Panel

- Paul RASKIN, President, Tellus Institute

- Lieke RIADI, Vice Rector of Academic Affairs, University of Surabaya

- Martha RICHTER, LEAD Fellow, The Natural History Museum, United Kingdom

- S. Kapil SIBAL

- Marcelo Sánchez SORONDO

- Joseph Straus

- Katalin SULYOK, President, Hungarian Research Student Association

- András SZÖLLÖSY-NAGY, Director, Water Division, UNESCO

- Anupam VARMA, Chairman, ICSU Regional Committee for Asia and the Pacific

- Evgeny Pavlovich VELIKHOV


- Laura WESTRA

/Chief International Officer, American Association for the Advancement of Science/

Shere Abbott, chief international officer at AAAS, is an environmental scientist with 20 years of experience in research planning, assessment, education, and policy related to human development and the environment. She has held senior positions in non-profit institutions and the government and developed an extensive network of high-level scientists and officials within the national and international community. Serving as executive director of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences' Board on Sustainable Development, Abbott produced the ground-breaking report Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability, which proposed a strategy for using scientific and technical knowledge to better inform future action in the areas of energy and materials use, fertility reduction, urban systems, agricultural production, ecosystem restoration and biodiversity conservation, and suggested an approach for building a new research agenda for sustainability science. She has directed studies of global environmental change, polar research and international science and organizations that led to the release of more than a dozen consensus reports and other documents on setting priorities for research, linking scientific and technical knowledge with decision-making and building the capacity of international organizations. Abbott was awarded her A.B. from Goucher College in biological sciences, and her M.F.S. from Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, in wildlife ecology and natural resource policy.

Back to top


Akito ARIMA Akito ARIMA /Chairman, Japan Science Foundation/

Akito Arima received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1953, his Master of Science degree in 1956 and his Doctor of Science in 1958 from the University of Tokyo.
He became a Research Associate, Institute for Nuclear Studies (INS) of The University of Tokyo in 1956. After this position, Akito Arima became a Lecturer, (1960-64), an Associate Professor (1964-67), Dept. of Physics of The University of Tokyo, Visiting Professor, Rutgers University, New Jersey (Sep. 1967 - Jul. 1968), Professor, State University of New York at Stony Brook (1971-73), Professor, Dept. of Physics, The University of Tokyo (1975-81), Director of the Computer Center, The University of Tokyo (1981), Councilor, The University of Tokyo (1983-87), Dean of Faculty of Science, The University of Tokyo (1987-89), President, The University of Tokyo (1989-93), and Professor, Hosei University (Apr. 1993 - Sep. 1993). Since 1993, he has been Scientific Counselor of the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture, Professor Emeritus of The University of Tokyo, and President of The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN).
Akito Arima has received many notable awards, such as the Nishina Prize (1978), Honorary Professor, The University of Glasgow, U.K. (1984), the Humboldt Award, Germany (1987), the Prize of the Haiku Society (1988), the Wetherill Medal, The Franklin Institute, U.S.A (1990), Order Das Grosse Verdienstkreuz, Bonn, Germany (1990), Kanselarij der Netherlandse. Orden's Gravenhage, Amersterdam (1991), Honorary Doctor, Drexel Univ., USA (1992), Honorary Professor, The University of Science and Technology, China (1992), Honorary Doctor, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taiwan (1992), Bonner Prize, American Physical Society (1993), The Japan Academy Prize (1993), Honorary Doctor, The State University of New York at Stony Brook, U.S.A. (1994), Honorary Doctor, The University of Groningen, the Netherlands (1994), and Honorary Doctor, The University of Birmingham, U.K. (1996).

Akito Arima also belongs to the following committees:
Japanese Council for Science and Technology
International Society for Pure and Applied Physics
Committee for Consultation of National Universities
Council for Science and Technology
Japanese Physical Society
Society for the International Promotion of Haiku

Back to top


/Director, Stockholm Environment Institute, Asia Centre/

Mr. Tariq Banuri's work focuses on conceptual as well as practical issues in sustainable development in a globalising world. This includes the impact of key processes of globalization on sustainable livelihoods and human security. In particular, he has examined the impact of trade liberalization and structural adjustment, climate change and climate policy, and global governance on the prospects for sustainable and equitable development. He has had broad experience in Pakistan in policy development through a combination of research, policy analysis, and organizing and leading multi-stakeholder inputs into the policy process. He was a member of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Council, the country apex policy making institution; and the Board of Directors of the country's central bank. He was the founding Executive Director of the Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Islamabad. He has served as convening Lead Author in the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Dr. Banuri received an M.A. in Development Economics from Williams College in 1978, and a Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University in 1986.

Back to top


/President, Hungarian Patent Office/

Back to top


André BERGER André BERGER /Catholic University of Louvain/

Inst. d'Astronomie et de Geophysique, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium


Professor Berger is M.Sc. in Meteorology from M.I.T. (1971) and D.Sc. from the Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium) (1973). He is ordinary profesor and head of the Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics Georges Lemaître at the Catholic University of Louvain where he lectures on meteorology and climate dynamics. He is doctor honoris causa from the University of Aix-Marseille III and was professor at the Vrij Universiteit Brussel and Université de Liége.

Aix-Marseille III and was professor at the Vrij Universiteit Brussel and Université de Liége.

His main research is about modeling climatic changes at the geological and at the century time scales. He has made notable contributions to the astronomical theory of paleoclimates. The climate model that he has developed with his team is also used for simulating the response of the climate system to human activities and the possible impact of such man's induced perturbations on the natural course of climate at the geological time scale.

André Berger was chairman of the International Climate and Paleoclimate Commissions and of some NATO scientific Panels. He was vice president of the European Geophysical Society. He serves on several national and international scientific committees dealing with climate and global change. He is, in particular, member of the scientific council of Gaz de France, member of the council of the Academia Europaea and foreign member of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.

Professor Berger is the author of "Le Climat de la Terre, un passé pour quel avenir?". He has edited 10 books on climatic variations and has published more than 150 papers on this subject. He is associate editor of Surveys in Geophysics and editorial board member of The Holocene, of Climate Dynamics, and of Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Back to top


/University of Mauritius/

Archana Bhaw-Luximon is engaged both in teaching (organic and inorganic chemistry) and research at the Department of Chemistry, University of Mauritius. Her main field of research is the study of biodegradable polymers (polylactides), and the modification and use of polymers derived from natural resources (carrageenans, agarose, etc.).

In June 2005, she was actively involved in the organization of the '8th UNESCO School and IUPAC Conference on Macromolecules - Polymers for Africa' in Mauritius. She has also been selected to represent Mauritius on the Pan African Interaction Programme organized by the British Council. At the national level, she is currently representing her University on the National Advisory Council for Dangerous Chemicals. She is also the secretary of the Chemical Society of Mauritius, which is affiliated to the IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry).

In 2004, she was elected executive board member in the international association "World Academy of Young Scientists" (WAYS).

Back to top


Pieter Drenth Pieter Drenth
/President, All European Academies (ALLEA)/

Back to top


/Chair of the Intellectual Property Committee, ALLEA-ALL European Academies/

Back to top


Sir Brian Fender Sir Brian Fender
/Chief Executive of HEFCE/

Back to top


/Assistant Director, National Science Foundation, USA/

Peter A. Freeman has assumed a position with the National Science Foundation (NSF) in Washington as assistant director of the NSF for Computer & Information Science & Engineering (CISE). He will remain a member of the Georgia Tech faculty, on assignment to the NSF. Please go to to read the official announcement.

He came to the Georgia Institute of Technology as professor and founding Dean of the College of Computing in 1990. He held the first endowed Dean's Chair at Georgia Tech, the John P. Imlay, Jr. Dean of Computing. He also served as CIO for the campus for three years. In addition, as a general officer of the campus, he was heavily involved in planning and implementing a wide range of activities for the campus including: capital campaign, the Yamacraw Mission, and 1996 Olympic preparations. In 1998, he chaired the Sam Nunn NationsBank Policy Forum on Information Security which lead to the creation of the Georgia Tech Information Security Center, one of the first comprehensive centers in the country focused on information security. He is currently the acting director of GTISC.

During 1989-90 Dr. Freeman was Visiting Distinguished Professor ofInformation Technology at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, and from 1987 to 1989 he served as Division Director for Computer and Computation Research at the National Science Foundation. He served on the faculty of the Department of Information and Computer Science at the University of California, Irvine, for almost twenty years before coming to Georgia Tech.

Dr. Freeman received his Ph.D. in computer science from Carnegie-Mellon University in 1970, his M.A. in mathematics and psychology from the University of Texas at Austin in 1965, and his B.S. in physics from Rice University in 1963.

He co-authored The Supply of Information Technology Workers in the United States (CRA, 1999) and authored Software Perspectives: The System is the Message (Addison Wesley, 1987), Software Systems Principles (SRA, 1975), and numerous technical papers. In addition, he edited or co-edited four books including, Software Reusability (IEEE Computer Society, 1987), and Software Design Techniques, 4th edition (IEEE Press, 1983). He was the founding editor of the McGraw-Hill Series in Software Engineering and Technology, has served on several editorial boards and numerous program committees, and is an active consultant to industry and government.

Dr. Freeman was a member of the Board of Directors of the Computing Research Association from 1988 until April 2002, having served as Vice-Chair and Chair of the Government Affairs Committee. He was a member of select review committees of the IRS and FAA Air-traffic Control modernization efforts, and has served on a variety of national and regional committees. While at NSF, he helped formulate the High-Performance Computing and Communications Initiative of the Federal government. He originated and was in charge of the FutureNet Project, part of the campus technology preparations for the 1996 Olympic Village.

He is a Fellow of the IEEE (Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers), AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science), and the ACM (Association for Computing Machinery).

His research and technical expertise has focused on software systems and their creation. His earliest work (1961-63) involved developing advanced scientific applications in the days before there were operating systems and other support software. This led him to design and build one of the earliest interactive time-sharing operating systems (1964) and ultimately to early work applying artificial intelligence to the design process for software (1965-75). This culminated with the publication of his first book, Software System Principles.

After a short stint teaching overseas for the United Nations, he focused his work on software engineering, ultimately being recognized for this early work by being elected a Fellow of the IEEE. Along with Prof. A. I. Wasserman, he developed one of the first software design courses (taken by thousands of industry practitioners) and published a highly popular text that served as a first introduction to software engineering. His research during this period focused on reusable software, especially using formal transformation systems. That work has resulted in several startup companies.

Since 1987 when he was "loaned" by the University of California to the National Science Foundation, he has focused his attention on national policy and local action intended to advance the field of computing. He remains actively engaged in teaching and advanced technology, as well as public policy and academic administration.

Back to top


/Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences, UNESCO/

Back to top


Judit Gervain Judit Gervain
/International School for Advanced Studies/

Back to top


/the Jane Goodall Institiute/

Jane Goodall is the world's foremost authority on chimpanzees, having closely observed their behavior for the past quarter century in the jungles of the Gombe Game Reserve in Africa, living in the chimps' environment and gaining their confidence.

Her observations and discoveries are intemationally heralded. Her research and writing have made, and are making, revolutionary inroads into scientific thinking regarding the evolutions of humans.

Dr. Goodall received her Ph.D. from Cambridge University in 1965. She has been the Scientific Director of the Gombe Stream Research Center since 1967. In 1984, Jane Goodall received the J. Paul Getty Wildlife Conservation Prize for "helping millions of people understand the importance of wildlife conservation to life on this planet." Her other awards and international recognitions fill pages.

Her scientific articles have appeared in many issues of National Geographic. She has written scores of papers for internationally known scientific journals. Dr. Goodall has also written two books, Wild Chimpanzees and In The Shadow of Man. She pleads to thousands of people throughout the world on behalf of her career-long sponsor, the L.S.B. Leakey Foundation.

Jane Goodall attributes her dedication and insight to her work and her mission in life to her mother, internationally known author, Vanne Goodall.

In 1985, Jane Goodall's twenty-five years of anthropological and conservation research was published, helping us all to better understand the relationship between all creatures. She has now devoted over thirty years to her mission.

Dr. Goodall has expanded her global outreach with the founding of the Jane Goodall Institute based in Ridgefield, CT. She now teaches and encourages young people to appreciate the conversation of chimpanzees and all creatures great and small. She lectures, writes, teaches and continues her mission in many inventive ways, including the Chimpanzee Guardian Project.

Back to top


/Hungarian Academy of Sciences/


Back to top


Jill Jaeger Jill Jaeger
/Sustainable Europe Research Institute/

Jill Jäger is a member the Steering Group of the Initiative on Science and Technology for Sustainability (ISTS: and a senior researcher at the Sustainable Europe Research Institute ( in Vienna, Austria.

She received her B.Sc. degree in environmental sciences from the University of East Anglia (UK) in 1971 and was awarded her Ph.D. in geography (climatology) by the University of Colorado (USA) in 1974.

Dr. Jäger has worked as a consultant on energy, environment, and climate for numerous national and international organizations. In September 1994 she joined the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA, Laxenburg) as Deputy Director for Programs, where she was responsible for the implementation and coordination of the research program. From October 1996 till May 1998 she was Deputy Director of IIASA. From April 1999 till October 2002, Dr. Jäger was Executive Director of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP:

Her main field of interest is in the linkages between science and policy in the development of responses to global environmental issues.

Back to top


Ashok Jhunjhunwala Ashok Jhunjhunwala
/Indian Institute of Technology/

Prof. Ashok Jhunjhunwala is Professor of the Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai, India and was department Chair till recently. He received his B.Tech degree from IIT, Kanpur, in 1975, and his MS and Ph.D degrees from the University of Maine, USA in 1977 and 1979, respectively. From 1979 to 1981, he was with Washington State University as Assistant Professor. Since 1981, he has been teaching at IIT, Madras. Dr.Jhunjhunwala leads the Telecommunications and Computer Networks group (TeNeT) at IIT Madras. This group is closely working with industry in the development number of Telecommunications and Computer Network Systems.

TeNeT group has incubated a number of R&D companies which work in partnership with TeNeT group to develop world class Telecom Access products. The products include corDECT Wireless in Local Loop system, Fibre Access Network, DSL Systems and several other systems. The group has recently incubated a company, which aims to install and operate telephone and Internet in every village in India.

Dr. Ashok Jhunjhunwala has been awarded Padma Shri in the year 2002. He has been awarded Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in 1998, Dr.Vikram Sarabhai Research Award for the year 1997, Millennium Medal at Indian Science Congress in the year 2000 and H. K. Firodia for "Excellence in Science & Technology" for the year 2002. He is a Fellow of INAE, INSA and NAS and a member of Prime Minister Scientific Advisory Committee.

Dr. Jhunjhunwala is also a Board member of several Telecom and IT companies in India, including BSNL, VSNL, Polaris, Sasken, Tejas and HTL NRDC, and IDRBT.

Back to top


Kovács László Kovács László
/Member of the European Commission, Commissioner for Taxation and Customs Union/

Back to top


/Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche, France/

Gaell Mainguy graduated from the Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS), Paris, France. After his studies in Paris, Munich and Madrid, he did his PhD at the CNRS in Professor Prochiantz' lab on neurodevelopmental aspects of Parkinson disease. He received his PhD in 2001 from the University Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris, France, which was awarded with distinction. He then moved to Professor Durston's lab at the Center for Biomedical Genetics, Utrecht, Holland, where he developed functional genomic approaches to study non-coding RNA. In 2004, he joined Dr Krebs' lab at INSERM where he is currently combining molecular biology, bioinformatics and functional genomics to identify and validate genes associated with psychiatric disorders. Gaell Mainguy was elected President of the World Academy of Young Scientist (WAYS) on 13 December 2004.

Back to top


Anant MASHELKAR Anant MASHELKAR /Director-General, CSIR, President, Indian Academy of Sciences/

Back to top


Mohammed HASSAN Mohammed HASSAN
/Executive Director, Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)/


Back to top


/President, CEO, National Research Foundation, South Africa/

Mokhele became president of the NRF in July 1999 after serving since 1996 as president of the predecessor organization, the Foundation for Research Development, and as vice president since 1992.

He represented South Africa on the executive board of UNESCO from 1997 to 2001 and served on the general committee of the International Council for Science from 1993 to 1999. He was a founder and first president of the Academy of Science of South Africa. He has been a recipient of the Tribute Achievers 2000 Science & Technology Award and the French Legion of Honor (chevalier). He serves on many national and international committees and on the boards of several private corporations.

Mokhele was born and raised in Bloemfontein, South Africa, and obtained a B.Sc. degree in agriculture from the University of Fort Hare. As a recipient of a Fulbright-Hays Scholarship, he entered the University of California-Davis, where he obtained his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in microbiology. He was then awarded a postdoctoral fellowship at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and, later, at the University of Pennsylvania.

The Nordlander Lecture Series was established in memory of J. Eric Nordlander (Cornell A.B. 1956), a distinguished scientist and educator who died in 1986. In keeping with the Nordlander family's wishes, the visiting lecturer not only presents a public lecture to the Cornell community but also interacts with students and faculty in more informal settings.

Back to top


/Harvard Medical School, USA/

Mo Motamedi received his PhD from the University of Alberta, Canada under the supervision of Dr Ross Hodgetts, investigating the molecular mechanism of DNA recombination and repair. He then worked for Proteome/Incyte Genomics as a consultant and scientific curator. In 2002, he joined Dr. Danesh Moazed's lab at Harvard Medical School, first as a NSERC scholar and presently as a CIHR scholar, where he is studying the role of RNAi in heterochromatin assembly. Mo Motamedi joined World Academy of Young Scientists in January of 2005 as the North American coordinator.

Back to top


Sospeter MUHONGO Sospeter MUHONGO
/Director, ICSU Regional Office for Africa/

Prof Muhongo, is the first recipient (2004) of the Robert Shackleton Award for Outstanding Research in the Precambrian Geology of Africa. He has been teaching and doing research at the University of Dar Es Salaam in Tanzania since 1979. His research interests are in tectonics, structural geology, petrology, geochronology and economic geology of Precambrian terrains. Prof Muhongo has held key positions in numerous national and international organisations. He is a Fellow of the Geological Society of Africa (GSAf), Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), the Gondwana Institute for Geology and Environment (GIGE, Japan) as well as the Geological Society of London (GSL). In his own country, he has been chair of the Board of Directors of the State Mining Corporation (STAMICO) and was Head of Geology at the University of Dar Es Salaam in 1997-2000. He is the author or co-author of over 100 scientific articles and technical papers.

Back to top


/Minister for Education, Science, Technology and Scientific Research, Rwanda/

Professor Romain Murenzi is currently the Minister of Education, Science, Technology and Scientific Research in the Government of the Republic of Rwanda. Professor Murenzi returned to his country of birth to be appointed Minister in July 2001. His appointment follows an outstanding career as an academic and researcher. He completed his initial education in Burundi, with a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics from the University of Burundi. His teaching career started as a secondary school teacher (for three years) and visiting teaching assistant in Mathematics at the University of Burundi. In 1985 he was awarded a Fellowship to the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium, where he received his Master of Science in Physics in 1986 and his Doctorate of Philosophy in Physics in 1990. Building on his academic achievements came appointments as teaching assistant, visiting professor, adjunct professor, and associate professor in universities in Belgium, France, and the United States. These led to his prestigious appointment as Chair and full Professor of the Department of Physics at Clark Atlanta University in the US. Over a period of five years, Professor Murenzi was awarded a dozen major research grants and has published over seventy articles and conference papers. His major research interests include leading-edge technology such as continuous wavelets application to multidimensional signal processing. In his current position as Minister of Education, Professor Murenzi is committed to the expansion and modernisation of the Rwanda education system. This includes the achievement of Universal Primary Education and Education For All. He also has a particular interest in the potential of ICT (information and communications technology) to improve access to and the quality of teaching and learning. Professor Murenzi is currently a board member of the Dian Fossey Gorrilla Fund International (an organization based in Atlanta, committed to Mountain Gorilla Conservation in the Virunga park), Chairman of the Board of the National University of Rwanda, Chancellor of the Kigali Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), and the Kigali Institute of Health. He is a Member of the American Physical Society (APS) and a Member of the Institute of Electronic and Electric Engineers (IEEE).

Back to top


/Director, International Institute For Advanced Studies (IIAS)/


Back to top


/First President, European Monetary Institute/

Alexandre Lamfalussy was born in Hungary in 1929. From 1949 to 1953 he studied at the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium, and then went on to spend two years on postgraduate studies at Nuffield College, Oxford, where he obtained a doctorate (D. Phil.) in economics. Mr. Lamfalussy was visiting lecturer at Yale University from 1961 to 1962, and from 1955 to 1975 he worked with Banque de Bruxelles as an economist and then as an economic adviser. From 1965 to 1975 Mr. Lamfalussy served as Executive Director of Banque de Bruxelles and later as Chairman of the Executive Board. In 1975 he became Executive Director of Banque Bruxelles Lambert. Mr. Lamfalussy joined the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in Basle in 1976 as Economic Adviser and Head of the Monetary and Economic Department. Between 1981 and 1985 he served as Assistant General Manager of the BIS before being appointed General Manager in May 1985 where he held this post until the end of 1993. From 1st January 1994 until 30th June 1997, Mr. Lamfalussy was President of the European Monetary Institute in Frankfurt.Since 1997 Mr. Lamfalussy has been teaching and doing research at the "Institut d'études européennes" of the Catholic University of Louvain in Louvain-la-Neuve. In August 2000 he published a book titled "Financial Crises in Emerging Markets - An essay on Financial globalisation and Fragility" (Yale University Press, New Haven and London). He has also recently served as Chairman of the Committee of Wise Men on the Regulation of European Securities Markets set up by the European Council.

Publications and related sites

Alexandre Lamfalussy 2000. Financial crises in emerging countries: An essay on financial globalisation and fragility, Yale University Press
Alexandre Lamfalussy, Bernard Snoy, Jerome Wilson Fragility 2002. Fragility of the International Financial System: How Can We Prevent New Crises in Emerging Markets? (International Financial Relations) Presses Interuniversitaires Europeennes,Belgium
Baron Alexandre Lamfalussy, et al 1997. European Monetary Policy
Alexandre Lamfalussy, et al 1989. The European Payments Union: Financial Diplomacy in the 1950s Clarendon Press - Central Banking in Transition

Back to top


/Writer and Public Policy Analyst, Leo Szilárd biographer, US/

William Lanouette, a writer and public policy analyst, has studied and written about nuclear weapons and nuclear power for more than 30 years. He is the author of Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, The Man Behind the Bomb (University of Chicago Press ,1994). He holds an A.B. in English from Fordham College and an M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Politics from the London School of Economics (Univ. of London). A staff member for Newsweek and National Journal, and Washington Correspondent for The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, he has also written articles for Arms Control Today, The Atlantic Monthly, The Economist, The Energy Daily, Scientific American, Smithsonian, The Washington Post , and The Wilson Quarterly. Since 1991 he has been a Senior Policy Analyst for energy and science issues at the U.S. General Accounting Office in Washington DC.

Back to top


/CEO, American Association of Advanced Studies (AAAS)/

Dr. Leshner has been Chief Executive Officer of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and Executive Publisher of the journal Science since December 2001. AAAS (triple A-S) was founded in 1848 and is the world's largest, multi-disciplinary scientific and engineering society.

Prior to coming to AAAS, Dr. Leshner was Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) from 1994-2001. One of the scientific institutes of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, NIDA supports over 85% of the world's research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction.

Before becoming Director of NIDA, Dr. Leshner had been the Deputy Director and Acting Director of the National Institute of Mental Health. He went to NIMH from the National Science Foundation (NSF), where he held a variety of senior positions, focusing on basic research in the biological, behavioral and social sciences, science policy and science education.

Dr. Leshner went to NSF after 10 years at Bucknell University, where he was Professor of Psychology. He has also held long-term appointments at the Postgraduate Medical School in Budapest, Hungary; at the Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center; and as a Fulbright Scholar at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel. Dr. Leshner's research has focused on the biological bases of behavior. He is the author of a major textbook on the relationship between hormones and behavior, and numerous book chapters and papers in professional journals. He also has published extensively in the areas of science and technology policy, science education, and public engagement with science.

Dr. Leshner received an undergraduate degree in psychology from Franklin and Marshall College, and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physiological psychology from Rutgers University. He also holds honorary Doctor of Science degrees from Franklin and Marshall College and the Pavlov Medical University in St. Petersburg, Russia. Dr. Leshner is an elected fellow of AAAS, the National Academy of Public Administration and many other professional societies, is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science, and has received numerous awards from both professional and lay groups.

Back to top


LU Yongxiang
LU Yongxiang
/President, Chinese Academy of Sciences/

Professor Lu Yongxiang was born in Zhejiang Province, April 28, 1942. He graduated from Zhejiang University in 1964 and was teaching in the same university as a teaching assistant and lecturer from 1964 to 1979. He was a Humboldt Fellowship visiting scholar at the Institute of Fluid Power Drives and Controls of Technical University of Aachen, Germany, from 1979 and got his Doctor degree in Engineering (Dr.-Ing) from the University in 1981. Professor Lu was honoured with Doctor of Engineering honoris causa by Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in 1995 , Honorary Doctor of Engineering by the City University of Hong Kong in 1997,Honorary Doctor of Science by the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 2003, and Honorary Doctor of Law by the Melbourne University , Australian in 2003. Honorary Doctor of Science, University of Nottingham, UK. Honorary Doctor of Science in 2004, Open University of Hong Kong. He was Associate Professor and the Head of Fluid Power Transmission and Control Lab. in Zhejiang University from 1981, and Professor and the Director of the Institute of Fluid Power Transmission and Control in the University. He served as Vice-President of Zhejiang University from 1985 and the President from 1988 to 1995. Professor Lu was appointed Vice-President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1993 and the Executive Vice-president in 1994. He was elected Fellow of the Third World Academy of Sciences in 1990, He was elected Co-Chair of Inter-Academy Council in 2005, Member (the Division of Technological Sciences) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991, and Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering in 1994. Honorary Fellow of Korea academy of science and technology in 1999,Honorary Fellow of the Institution of mechanical engineers , UK in 2004, Honorary Fellow of Hungary of academy of science in 2004, Honorary senator of Technical University of Berlin, Germany, in 2004.

Back to top


LAX D. Péter
LAX D. Péter

Back to top


Pierre Léna
Pierre Léna

Back to top


Brendan MACKEY
Brendan MACKEY
/Earth Charter Initiative; School of Resources, Environment and Society, The Australian National University/
Terrestrial ecology, biogeography, landscape ecology, global change science

Dr Brendan Mackey is a Reader in environmental science at the School of Resources, Environment and Society, The Australian National University. He undertakes research and teaching in the fields of environmental biogeography, conservation science, and cross-disciplinary studies in sustainability. Regarding the later, he has a particular interest in the relationships between knowledge, ethics and responsibility. For the last period he has co-chaired the Ethics Specialist Group within the IUCN Commission on Environmental Law. He is an Associate Editor for the international scientific journal "Environmental Conservation" and is on the Advisory Board for the journal Pacific Conservation Biology

Back to top


Princess Chulabhorn MAHIDOL Princess Chulabhorn MAHIDOL
/President Chulabhorn Research Institute/

Professor Dr. Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn Mahidol, President of the Chulabhorn Research institute, is the youngest daughter of Their Majesties King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit of Thailand. As a qualified scientist, she has always attached the greatest importance to the role of science in social and economic development, and accordingly originally conceived the idea of creating a national institute to assist in the development of Thailand.

H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn has been a lecturer in Chemistry at Mahidol University since 1985, with special interests in the chemistry and synthesis of natural products and in Thai medicinal plant research. She was the third person in the world to be awarded UNESCO's Einstein Medal for her continuous effort in promoting scientific collaboration in Asia and the Pacific, and she was the first Asian to be invited to join the Royal Society of Chemistry, in England, as an Honorary Fellow. She is also chairperson of the Working Group on the Chemistry of Natural Products collaborative programme between the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and the National Research Council of Thailand.

H.R.H. Princess Chulabhorn has received international recognition for her scientific accomplishments in her appointment to various United Nations posts, namely special advisor to the United Nations Environment Programme and member of the Special High-Level Council for the international Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction of the United Nations. In addition, she has also been visiting professor at universities in Germany, Japan and U S.A, and has received numerous honorary doctoral degrees from universities in U.S A., U K., Japan and elsewhere. She is an executive member of the Board of International Organization for Chemical Sciences in Development and has been Patron of the International Foundation for Science (Sweden).

Back to top


Mosibudi MANGENA Mosibudi MANGENA
/Minister of Science and Technology of the Republic of South Africa/

Back to top


/Author and Human Rights Activist and Chair of the International Women's Health Coalition/

Born in Hungary, Kati Marton has combined a career as a reporter and writer with human rights advocacy. She is currently Chair of the International Women.s Health Coalition, a non-governmental organization that promotes and protects the rights and health of girls and women worldwide. From 2001 to July 2002 Kati Marton was Chief Advocate for the Office of the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict at the United Nations. Marton is currently a director and formerly chair of the Committee to Protect Journalists. She also serves on the board of directors of the International Rescue Committee, Human Rights Watch, the New America Foundation, and the Central European University. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, P.E.N. International and the Author's Guild.

Since 1980, Marton has published five books and contributed as a reporter to ABC News, Public Broadcasting Services, National Public Radio, The New Yorker, Atlantic Monthly, The Times of London, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, Vanity Fair and The New Republic. Her first book, Wallenberg, a biography of Raoul Wallenberg, was published by Random House in 1982. From 1983 until 1984, she was a columnist for the Sunday Times of London. Her second book, a novel entitled American Women was published in 1987. Her investigative history, The Polk Conspiracy - Murder and Cover-up in the Case of CBS News Correspondent George Polk, has been acquired by Mel Gibson for a feature film. Her fourth book, A Death in Jerusalem - the Assassination by Extremists of the First Middle East Peacemaker, was published by Pantheon Books/Random House in the fall of 1994. Marton's most recent book, Hidden Power - Presidential Marriages that Shaped History, was published in September 2001 and was a New York Times best seller.

From 1995 until 1997, Marton hosted NPR's America and the World, a weekly half-hour broadcast on international affairs. From December 1977 until December 1979, Marton was Bonn Bureau Chief and Foreign Correspondent for ABC News. While based in West Germany, Marton reported from Poland, Hungary, Italy, Holland, Northern Ireland, East Germany, and the Middle East. Marton was a news writer/reporter at WCAU-TV, the CBS-owned-and-operated affiliate in Philadelphia from January 1973 until November 1977. From 1971 until 1973, Marton was a reporter for National Public Radio in Washington. In addition to diplomatic and political assignments, Marton was involved in the development of NPR's program, All Things Considered.

Kati Marton has received several honors for her reporting, including a George Foster Peabody Award for a one-hour documentary on China. She was a Gannett Fellow at Columbia University.s School of Journalism in 1988 and she received a Philadelphia Press Association Award for Best Television Feature Story and a Channel 12 (PBS) Award for reporting. In 1997, she received the Marc H. Tannenbaum Foundation Award for the Advancement of Interreligious Understanding and the Athens, Greece-based Kyriazis Foundation prize for the promotion of press freedom. In 2001, she was awarded the Rbekah Kohut Humanitarian Award by the National Council of Jewish Women. In 2002 she received a Matrix-Award for Women Who Change the World. In 2004 she was honored with the Citizen.s Committee of New York's Marietta Tree Award for Public Service, the Edith Wharton Award for Journalism and the Woodhull Institute's 2004 Changemakers Award for Ethical Leadership in the Arts.

Marton attended Wells College in Aurora, New York, the Sorbonne, and the Institute des Etudes de Science Politiques in Paris. She earned a B.A. in Romance Languages and a M.A. in International Relations from the George Washington University.

Kati Marton is married to Ambassador Richard Holbrooke and lives in New York City with her daughter Elizabeth and her son Christopher.


Back to top


Julia Marton-LEFEVRE Julia Marton-LEFEVRE /Rector, UN Peace University/

Julia Marton-Lefevre is Executive Director, and ex officio member of the Board of Directors of LEAD International whose Secretariat is based in London.

She is also Vice Chair of the World Resources Institute (WRI) and a member of a number of boards and commissions, including: the Board of Directors of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED); the Dow Chemical Company's Corporate Environmental Advisory Council and the Environmental Advisory Board of the Coca-Cola Company. She is also a Trustee of the St. Andrew's Prize; a member of the Adjudication Panel of the Alcan Prize for Sustainability; member of the Advisory Committee for the Lemelson Foundation's Invention for Sustainable Development Program, and of the Editorial Board of the New Academy Review. From 1992 to 2002 she was a member of the China Council for International Cooperation in Environment and Development, and has also served on ICSU's Committee on Science and Technology in Developing Countries (COSTED) and the InterAcademy Council's Panel on Promoting Worldwide Science and Technology Capacities for the 21st Century.

Before joining LEAD in September 1997, J. Marton-Lefevre was Executive Director of the International Council for Science (ICSU), based in Paris. Prior positions have included Programme Specialist in Environmental Education under a joint UNESCO-UNEP Programme, university teacher in Thailand as a Peace Corps Volunteer, and a staff member of the Fund for Education and Peace in New York.

J. Marton-Lefevre has co-authored numerous books and papers. In 1999 she received the AAAS Award for International Cooperation in Science. She is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society of the United Kingdom. She studied history, ecology and environmental planning in the US and in France and was born in Hungary.

Back to top


Goverdhan MEHTA Goverdhan MEHTA
/President, International Council for Science (ICSU)/

Professional Carrier

Professor of Organic Chemistry and Director, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 1998-
Honarary Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore
Vice Chanceller, University of Hyderabad, 1994-1998
Professor of Chemistry, University of Hyderabad, 1977-1998
Professor of Chemistry, IIT Kanpur, 1969-1977
Ph.D. University of Poona (with Dr. Sukh Dev)
D.Sc.( Honoris Causa), University of Marseilles

Over his carrer, Dr. Goverdhan Mehta had delivered over 200 lectures at various national and international meetings, universities and research institutions. These include over 25 Plenary and Invited Lectures at international conferences including some of the foremost in the field of Organic Chemistry such as: IUPAC Symposia on Natural Products, Organic Synthesis and Physical Organic Chemistry; NATO-Advanced Workshops; Meetings and Symposia of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute Convention, the Brazilian Chemical Society, the Royal Society
of Chemistry (UK) and the Chemical Society of Japan. In addition, Dr. Goverdhan Mehta has served as Chair of the 10th IUPAC Conference on Organic Synthesis held in Bangalore in 1994, and has been a Member of
the International Advisory Committees of leading International Conferences in Organic Chemistry.

Fellowship of Academies/Scientific Societies

Fellow, Indian National Science Academy (FNA), Vice-President
(1995-97), President (1999-2001)
Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences (FASc), Vice-President (1991-94)
Fellow the National Academy of Sciences (FNASc)
Fellow of the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)
Fellow of the World Innovation Foundation (WIF)
Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (C.Chem, FRSC)
Fellow of Indian Chemical Society
Fellow of the Andhra Pradesh Akademy of Sciences
Founding Member of Society for Scientific Values

Awards & Medals

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize (Chemical Sciences) Awarded by CSIR, 1978
Basudev Bannerji Medal & Prize, Indian Chemical Society, 1979
Science & Technology Award of Rajasthan Government, 1980
Professor R.D. Desai Medal & Prize, Indian Chemical Society, 1982
FICCI Award for outstanding work in Physical Sciences, 1983
Indian National Science Academy-Golden Jubilee Commemoration Medal (Chem. Sc.), 1989
G.D. Birla Award for Excellence in Science, 1992
Indian National Science Academy - Srinivasa Ramanujan Research Professorship, 1992-97
Goyal Prize in Chemical Sciences, 1994
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru National Award for Excellence in Science (M.P.Government), 1994
Alexander von Humboldt Research Award, Germany, 1995, (first in India)
Acharya P.C. Ray Medal, Indian Chemical Society, 1995
Doctorate (h.c.), Universte de Droit, D'Economie et Des Sciences d'Aix-Marseille, France, 1996
Dr.Y. Nayudamma Gold Medal, Andhra Pradesh Academy of Sciences, 1998
Officier dans l`ordre des Palmes Academiques, Awarded by the President of France, 1999
Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa), Bundelkhand University, 2000
P. C. Ray Memorial Award, Indian Science Congress Association, 2000
Silver Medal, Chemical Research Society of India (CRSI), 2000
Third World Academy of Sciences Medal (Chemical Sciences), 2000
Padma Shri, Civilian Honour awarded by the President of the Republic of India, 2001
New Millennium Plaque of Honour in Chemical Sciences, Indian Science
Congress Association, 2002



Related sites

Back to top


/President, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research and President, EUROHORCs/

Peter Nijkamp holds a Ph.D. (cum laude) from Erasmus University in Rotterdam. Since l975, he has been Professor of Regional and Urban Economics and Economic Geography at the Free University, Amsterdam. His research interest is wide-ranging, and has published dozens of books and monographs, written hundreds of articles for both high-ranking, international, scientific journals and more popular magazines. For over a decade, Peter Nijkamp played a leading role as President first of the European Regional Science Association (l979-l989) and then of the Regional Science Association International (l990-l992). He is the founding father of the Network on European Communications and Transport Activity Research (NECTAR), a scientific organization of which he has been Chairman for several years. Professor Nijkamp has also been a visiting professor at several universities in Europe, Asia and America.

Among the honours he has received, Peter Nijkamp was conferred with the Doctor Honoris Causa from the Free University of Brussels and the Technical University in Athens. In l996, he was awarded the most prestigious Spinoza Award in the Netherlands. He is a Fellow of the Royal Dutch Academy of Science, the World Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Royal Belgian Academy of Science and Arts.

Peter Nijkamp has been an advisor to several Dutch Ministries, the Commission of the European Union (EU), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the World Bank, and several other private and public organizations.

He is a member of the editorial board of approximately twenty scientific journals in the field. He has supervised more than 70 doctoral students, several of whom now hold a professorship in various countries. He is also past Chairman of the Dutch Social Science Council and past Vice-President of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences. Since June 2002, he has served as president of the governing board of the Netherlands Research Council (NOW).

Back to top


György PÁLFI György PÁLFI
/Councillor, Science and Technology Attaché, Embassy of Hungary, France/

György Pálfi is a biologist and PhD in biological anthropology. He is actually working as a science and technology attaché and counsellor at the Hungarian embassy in Paris, under the supervision of the Hungarian Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the National Office for Research and Technology.

He is a founding member and General Delegate of the international association "World Academy of Young Scientists" (WAYS).

In 2001-2002, he worked as a counsellor at the Ministry of Education (scientific affairs and university research), and as a researcher at the Hungarian Museum of Natural History.

Between 1993 and 2000, he worked as a post-doctoral researcher at the Department of Anthropology, University of Szeged, Hungary, and at the Department of Biological Anthropology, Marseille, France (CNRS - Université de la Méditerranée). His main fields of research are human paleopathology and the paleoepidemiology of infectious diseases.

György Pálfi gained his PhD in 1993 in French-Hungarian co-tutorship at the Université de Provence (Aix-en-Provence, France) and at the University of Szeged,

Back to top


/Director General, EGA - European Generic Medicines Association/

Back to top


/Former President, United Nations' Convention on Climate Change/

Mr. Persányi was born on 10 November 1950 in Budapest.

Between 1970 and 1975 he acquired a degree at the Eötvös Loránd University of Sciences majoring in biology and adult education, between 1978 and 1981 he acquired a degree at the University of Agricultural Sciences of Gödöllő, as an environment protection engineer. He holds a candidate degree in political sciences (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1986) and conducted studies at the Cornell University of the USA between 1990 and 1991, with a Hubert H. Humphrey scholarship.

1983-1986: Researcher of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, focusing on environment policy and the development of green movements.

1989-1991: founder/editor-in-chief of the journal Environment and Development.

Between 1991 and 1994 he worked as environmental advisor for EBRD, he initiated the programme for the democratisation of environmental decision making in East Europe, carrying out environmental impact assessments of major investment projects (e.g. in Hungary the motorways No. M0, M1-M11).

1994- Director in Chief of the Budapest Zoo.

Between 1997 and 2000, he was vice-president, from 2000 he was president of the Federation of European Zoos and Aquaria, head of the working committee providing assistance for zoos in East Europe.

The key directions of his professional and scientific activities: Environmental policy, nature conservation, ecologic awareness raising, animal horticulture.

He is a holder of numerous awards.

He has an advance English proficiency.

Mr. Persányi is married, the father of three children.

Back to top


/President, European Patent Office, MUNICH/


Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur

Officier de l'Ordre National du Mérite

Chevalier des Palmes Académiques

Alain Pompidou has had a long and distinguished academic and political career. He took doctorates in medicine, science and biology and from 1974 to 2004 was professor of histology, embryology and cytogenetics in the medical faculty of the University of Paris. Until 2004 he was also director of the laboratory of the Cochin-St Vincent de Paul-La Roche Guyon Hospital in Paris and chairman of the hospital group's advisory board. At the same time, Mr Pompidou served on the consultative and scientific committees of numerous national, European and international organisations, including the WHO, UNESCO and the European Commission. From 1990 to 1998 he was vice-president of the Ethics Committee of the Human Genome Organisation (HUGO). Between 1986 and 1997 he acted as special adviser to the French prime minister, the minister of research and higher education and the minister of health. As a member of the European Parliament from 1989 to 1999, he was particularly concerned with the EU framework programmes for research, with the preparation of the Directive on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions, and with bioethical issues. From 1994 to 1999 he was president of the European Parliament's Scientific and Technological Options Assessment Office. Since 2004, Mr Pompidou has been a member of UNESCO's World Ethics Commission; from 1999 to 2004 he served as spokesman on research and space policy on the French Economic and Social Council. From 2000 to 2004 he was a member of France's newly created Academy of Technologies. He is also the author of numerous articles and monographs on science, ethics and society, and on biomedical ethics. His book "Souviens-toi de l'Homme : l'éthique, la vie, la mort" was published by Éditions Payot in 1989.

Back to top


/Commissioner for Science, European Commission/

As a European Commissioner I belong to a team of 25 Commissioners, one from each Member State, who will work together from 22 November 2004 to 31 October 2009.

Each Commissioner has his or her own field of responsibility. A rather unique aspect of the Commission is that it acts as a collective body, as a team. This means that when I present a proposal, all 25 Commissioners decide on it together. Equally, when another Commissioner presents a proposal in his or her field of responsibility, I take part in the decision. Legislative proposals are thereafter forwarded to the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament .

My field of responsibility is Science and Research. My objective is to improve the situation for research and researchers in the EU. Research leads to knowledge and Europe needs new knowledge for growth and for enhanced quality of live in a globalised world.

I am supported by two Commission Departments responsible for science and research, the Directorate-General for Research and the Joint Research Centre . Each Department is led by a Director-General who is responsible for implementing the science and research policy and supervising the day-to-day work. I work closely together with the Directors-General in setting out the priorities and providing the necessary political advice and guidance.

Although I come from Slovenia and was nominated to this post by the Slovenian Government, in my job as Commissioner I am completely independent from any national government and look to the interests of the Union as a whole.

Back to top


Danny Quah Danny Quah
/The London School of Economics and Political Science/

Back to top


Yves Quéré Yves Quéré
/Co-chair, Inter-Academy Panel/

QUÉRÉ Yves was born in France in 1931. Educated at the École des Mines, Paris (1951-1954), the Université Paris-Orsay (1958) with final diploma - Ingénieur des Mines, in 1954 and Docteur-Ingénieur, Paris-Orsay, in 1961. He received the Docteur des Sciences from Paris-Orsay in 1968. Solid-state physicist, he is a specialist in the interactions of particles with solids, of radiation damage, and more generally, of physics of materials. He has been member of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), Professor at École Polytechnique (Paris). Member of the Académie des Sciences, elected in 1991, he is currently co-chair of the InterAcademy Panel from 2000 to date.

Back to top


(UNESCO Science Laureate, Federal Minister/Chairman, Higher Education Commission)

An elected Fellow of the Islamic Academy of Sciences since 1988, Prof. Rahman obtained his BSc(Hons) in Chemistry from Karachi University in 1963, MSc in Organic Chemistry, Karachi University (1967) and PhD in Organic Chemistry from Cambridge University (UK) in 1968. Cambridge University awarded him a Doctor of Science (ScD) in 1987.

Prof. Rahman started out as a Lecturer at Karachi University (1964), Assistant Professor (1969), Associate Professor (1974) and became Professor at the same university in 1981.

He is an internationally known scientist who is known for his contribution to the establishment of one of the renowned Pakistani centres of natural product chemistry (HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry), where he has been Director since 1990.

Furthermore, Prof. Rahman has over 560 publications and 9 patents to his credit comprising 90 books published by major US and European Publishers including 59 Chapters in books and in leading international journals in several fields of organic chemistry. He was ranked top scientist of Pakistan in the discipline of Chemistry in 1999, based on the evaluation of his published works.

Prof. Rahman is Editor of 10 European science journals. He was appointed as one of two Editors-in-Chief of "Natural Product Letters," published in Switzerland. He is also the founding Editor-in-Chief of "Current Medicinal Chemistry," an international journal published in the Netherlands. He is Executive Editor of "Current Pharmaceutical Design," Netherlands, Editor of "Current Organic Chemistry," Netherlands and Executive Editor of "Combinatorial and High Throughput Screening," Netherlands.

He was the first recipient of the award of "Scientist of the Year" (for 1985) conferred by the Government of Pakistan in 1987, and was awarded the "Islamic Organisation Prize" on behalf of the Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Science in 1987. He has also received the First Khwarazmi Prize, Iran (1993), and the Award of the Federation of Asian Chemical Societies, Japan (1997). Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman has been awarded the UNESCO Science Prize (1999).

He has won four Civil Awards (the highest national civil award Nishan-i-Imtiaz as well as Hilal-e-Imtiaz, Sitara-i-Imtiaz and Tamgha-e-Imtiaz) and was also the President of the Chemical Society of Pakistan.

Apart from being a Fellow of the IAS (1988), Prof. Rahman is also a Fellow of the Third World Academy of Sciences and a member of the American Chemical Society. He is also Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London (1981), Fellow of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences (1982), President of Pakistan Academy of Sciences in 2002 and President of Network of Academy of Sciences of Islamic Countries (NASIC) in 2004.

He was appointed Co-ordinator General, COMSTECH, in 1996, as Federal Minister of Science & Technology in 2000, as Federal Minister of Education in 2002 and as Federal Minister responsible for Higher Education in 2002 (continue till present).

Areas of Research

  1. Natural Product Chemistry;
  2. Spectroscopy; and
  3. Organic Synthesis.

Back to top


President, Tellus Institute

Dr. Raskin is President of the Tellus Institute and Director of Stockholm Environment Institute-Boston (SEI-B). He founded Tellus in 1976, SEI-B in 1989, the Global Scenario Group (GSG) in 1995, and the Great Transition Initiative (GTI) in 2003. The overarching theme of his work has been envisioning and analyzing alternative scenarios of development, and identifying the strategies, policies and values for a transition toward a future of environmental sustainability and human justice. Toward this larger aim, his work has ranged across themes (energy, water, climate change, ecosystems, development) and spatial scales (regional, national, river basin, global). He has pioneered integrated methods for long-range social and environmental assessment. This has led to a suite of computer-based tools that are now used in scores of countries, building the capacity of a new group of sustainability professionals. His path-breaking work with the GSG culminated in the influential essay Great Transition: The Promise and Lure of the Times Ahead, which offers a rigorously grounded case for an alternative paradigm for global development in the 21st century. Dr. Raskin brought these insights to his work as a member of the U.S. National Academy of Science's Board on Sustainability, as a lead author for the IPCC and Millennium Ecosystem Assessments, as a key adviser to the UNEP Global Environment Outlook series, to drafting the Earth Charter, and numerous other efforts. He taught at the university level until founding the Tellus Institute in 1976.

Dr. Raskin received a Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from Columbia University in 1970.

Back to top


/Executive Director of International Council of Scientific Union/

Before joining ICSU in 2002, he was Director of International Foundation for Science (IFS

The first major research project Thomas Rosswall was involved with was at the International Biological Programme (IBP) during the early 1970s. This was the first terrestrial ecosystem project in Sweden; in particular, his work quantified carbon and nitrogen flows through the communities of a subarctic mire and documented for the first time the importance of methane production in subarctic mires. Rosswall was also instrumental in the international effort as Secretary to the International Steering Committee for the Programme. The collaborative work resulted in a number of common field experiments and Rosswall edited two synthesis volumes and published several papers on this work.

The Swedish Natural Science Research Council (NFR) decided to put priority on ecosystem research in the early 1970s, and Rosswall was one of the key people responsible for the development of the Swedish Coniferous Forest Research Project. Apart from managerial functions, he was responsible for studies on interactions between microorganisms-soil/animals-plant roots and their role for the mineralization of carbon and nitrogen. In order to describe changes in bacterial communities, a finger-printing method was developed, which was later utilized to describe communities in the different IBP tundra biome sites; lakes with different degrees of eutrophication; pesticide applications or soil acidification; and to describe the use of factor analysis in such studies.

Rosswall's work on C and N cycling in tundra and coniferous forest ecosystems led to his involvement in the development of a SCOPE project on global biogeochemical cycles. Rosswall became head of the SCOPE/UNEP International Nitrogen Unit at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 1978-1980. Rosswall served on the SCOPE Executive Committee for many years and was its Secretary-General 1986-1988.

Rosswall continued to focus his research on nitrogen cycling and joined in 1980 the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) as Principal Investigator on the project Ecology of Arable Land. Rosswall organized two major international symposia to summarize current knowledge on the N cycle. An important part of the work was the quantification of denitrification losses after the early developments on an acetylene assay methodology later developed to distinguish between nitrous oxide losses from nitrification and denitrification. Nitrous oxide production was considered especially important, since its role as a greenhouse gas had become evident. Special attention was given to the regulatory role of water content and cropping system on the gaseous losses. Methods were developed to correlate soil moisture monitored through remote sensing (IR-band) with denitrification estimates.

Rosswall was appointed Assistant Professor in Microbiology (1980) and Associate Professor in Soil Ecology (1984). In 1984, he was appointed professor at the University of Linkping. In this new capacity, in a department with both natural and social scientists, his research focused on two major issues: (1) land and water use management in the tropics, with special emphasis on C and N cycling, and (2) the effect of microbial processes on metal mobility in terrestrial ecosystems.

As a continuation of his early work on global biogeochemical cycles, Rosswall was a co-organizer of a SCOPE workshop in 1985 to address the issue of scales as a means of understanding the functioning of the global ecosystem. In 1987, Rosswall became the first Director of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme - A Study of Global Change (IGBP, where he established an institutional framework, with linkages to international political agreements following UNCED in Rio de Janeiro, for scientists to promote a better understanding of the global ecosystem. During his leadership, this major international research programme was defined and its early implementation phase was successfully initiated. He played a crucial role in developing links between different scientific disciplines, between natural and social sciences as well as between the science and the policy communities.

Rosswall has been active as a researcher, an educator, and an adviser and manager for a number of major scientific programmes and collaboration efforts at the national and international levels for more than three decades. His research has focused on microbial ecology, soil nutrient dynamics and land and water use management in temperate and tropical regions.

During 1992-1993 he developed plans for START. START is a plan for the development of an international network of regional research centres and sites to gather data and study global change problems in their regional contexts. These regions are identified. Issues to be addressed are: How changes in land use and industrial practices alter the water cycles, atmospheric chemistry and ecosystems dynamics; how regional changes affect global biogeochemical cycles and climate; and how global change leads to further regional change in the biospheric life support system. (System for Analysis, Research and Training) of the IGBP, the World Climate Research Programme, and the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Programme. He became the first Director of the International START Secretariat located in Washington, DC. A major effort was made to develop regional networking to strengthen the abilities of developing countries to take part in the international research collaboration dealing with global issues and underpinning the work on the climate convention, biodiversity convention, etc.

In 1994, Rosswall was appointed Rector (President) of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU The university has a total staff of 3,500 and four major campuses. Under his guidance, SLU developed a strategy plan to become one of the foremost agricultural universities in Europe. It is the largest Swedish university in the biological and environmental sciences research. He has also been instrumental in developing close collaborative links and a common organizational framework for universities and faculties of agriculture, forestry, and veterinary medicine in the Nordic countries. He also serves on the Executive Committee of ICA, the organization linking all agricultural universities in Europe.

During recent years he has had many national appointments at the governmental level and continued his interest in international scientific collaboration, through major appointments for OECD and UNESCO.

Rosswall has been instrumental, in the development of microbial ecology, both nationally and internationally. His leadership in major ecosystem projects has been important not only for ecosystem sciences in Sweden, but also for the development of international networks that have fostered intensive collaboration between scientists in many countries. His efforts to link scientists in the North to those in the South as well as to promote South-South networks should also be noted.

It is a challenge not only for the S&T community (The Science and Technology Community) but also for governments to break down sectoral barriers and develop programmes of work that integrates the three pillars of sustainable development. We can make this happen, if we work closely together and learn from each other. We pledge the commitment of our community in the daunting challenge of moving from words to action.

"We need to create a science for sustainable development." says Thomas Rosswall

Back to top


/Director, Library of Alexandria, Egypt/

1964 B.Sc. (First Class Honors) Cairo University
1968 M.R.P. (With Distinction) Harvard University
1972 Ph.D. Harvard University

Honorary degrees
1996 Doctor of Sociology, University of Bucharest, Romania
1996 Doctor of Agricultural Science, University of Melbourne, Australia
1997 Doctor of Science, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, India
1998 Doctor of International Affairs, American University, Washington, DC, USA
1998 Doctor of Science, Punjab Agricultural University, India
1998 Doctor of Science, Tamil Nadu Veterinary & Animal Sciences Univ., India
1998 Doctor of Natural Resources Management, Ohio State Univ., USA
1999 Doctor of Science, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India
1999 Doctor of Science, ANGRAU, Hyderabad, India
1999 Doctor of Economics and Management, CNAM, Paris, France
1999 Doctor of Science, Egerton University, Kenya
1999 Doctor of Agricultural Science, University of Tuscia, Italy
2000 Doctor of Humane Letters, American University in Cairo, Egypt
2002 Doctor of Science, SNHU, Manchester NH, USA
2003 Doctor of Science, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
2004 Doctor of Letters, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia
2004 Doctor of Letters, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France

Director, Library of Alexandria.
Distinguished University Professor, Wageningen University, the Netherlands
Also serves as chair and member of a number of advisory committees for academic, research, scientific and international institutions and civil society efforts.

Previous appointments

  • Chairman, Youth Employment Summit (YES) Campaign (1998-2002)

  • Special Advisor, The World Bank

  • Distinguished Visiting Professor, American University in Cairo (AUC) (2000/2001)

  • Advisor to the Egyptian Government on the New Library of Alexandria

  • Vice President of the World Bank till July 2000, (for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development, from October 1992 to March 1998, and for Special Programs from March 1998 to July 2000)

  • Chairman, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR, 1994-2000)

  • Chairman, Consultative Group to Assist the Poorest (CGAP), a microfinance program (1995-2000)

  • Chairman of the Global Water Partnership (GWP, 1996-2000)

  • Chairman, World Commission for Water in the 21st Century (August 1998-March 2000)

Worked in a number of capacities at the World Bank since joining in 1972. Economist in education and human resources (1972-76); Division Chief for Technical Assistance and Special Studies (1977-80), and for Urban Projects in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa (1980-83); Director for Programs in West Africa (1984-87), Country Director for Central and Occidental Africa (1987-89), Technical Director for all Sub-Saharan Africa (1990-92), and Vice-President for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (1993-98). In addition, he was active in promoting NGO-Bank relations, and served as Co-Chairman of the NGO-Bank Committee (1997-99). Prior to joining the World Bank, worked as a consultant in city and regional planning, and taught at Cairo University and Harvard University.

Professional Memberships

  • Supreme Council for Culture, Egypt

  • Institut d'Egypte (Egyptian Academy of Science)

  • National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, India

  • European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Austria

  • Bangladesh Academy of Science, Dhaka

  • American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP)

  • Third World Academy of Sciences, Italy

  • World Academy of Arts and Sciences, USA

  • Academia Bibliotheca Alexandrinae (ABA)

Publications & Speeches
Over 50 books and monographs (edited or authored) and 200 articles, book chapters, and technical papers on various topics, including: Nurturing Development (1995), Sustainability and the Wealth of Nations (1996), Architecture of Empowerment (1997), Rural Well-Being: From Vision to Action (1997, with David Steeds), The Modernity of Shakespeare (1998), Biotechnology and Biosafety (1999, with Wanda Collins), Very Special Places (1999) and Promethean Science (2000, with G. Persley).

Ismail Serageldin is an Egyptian national, born in Guiza in 1944. He is married with one son. He is tri-lingual: Arabic, French and English.

Back to top


S. Kapil SIBAL S. Kapil SIBAL
/Minister of Science, Technology and Ocean Development, India/

Back to top


Marcelo Sánchez SORONDO Marcelo Sánchez SORONDO
/Chancellor, Pontificia Academia Scientiarum, Vatican/

Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 8 September 1942. He was ordained a priest on 7 December 1968 in the archdiocese of Buenos Aires. At the St. Thomas Aquinas University of Rome he was awarded a Ph.D in sacred theology - the highest level of Church postgraduate studies - with the maximum possible grade of summa cum laude (1974). He also gained an undergraduate degree in philosophy at the University of Perugia, obtaining the highest possible marks (1976). From 1976 to 1998 he was lecturer in the history of philosophy at the Lateran University in Rome where from 1982 onwards he was full professor in the same discipline. He was dean of the Faculty of Philosophy at the same university for three consecutive terms from 1987 to 1996. Since 1998 he has been full professor of the history of philosophy at the Libera Università Maria SS. Assunta (Rome) and in the same year was appointed president of the degree course in education science. In November 1998 he was appointed Chancellor of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences by Pope John Paul II. In March 1999 His Holiness also appointed him Secretary Prelate of the Pontifical Academy of St. Thomas Aquinas. On 6 March 2000 he was appointed Cavaliere di Gran Croce by the President of the Italian Republic; on 15 February 2001, the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart assigned him the Francesco Vito Prize; on 3 April 2002 the President of the French Republic conferred him the Ordre National de la Légion d'Honneur; on 12 July 2004 he received the Neruda Award by the Chilean Ambassador to the Holy See. On 25 August 2004 he received the Decoration Grão Mestre da Ordem de Rio Branco by the Brazilian Embassy to the Holy See.

Back to top


Joseph Straus Joseph Straus

Back to top


Prince El Hassan bin TALAL Prince El Hassan bin TALAL
/President, Club of Rome/

His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan bin Talal
His Royal Highness Prince El Hassan bin Talal was born in Amman on 20th March 1947, the youngest son of the then Crown Prince Talal bin Abdullah and Princess Zein El Sharaf bint Jamil, later King Talal and Queen Zein El Sharaf. His Royal Highness is the younger brother of His Majesty the late King Hussein. Their branch of the Hashemite family is directly descended from the Prophet Muhammad and is the forty-second generation.

Prince El Hassan had his early schooling in Amman, largely with tutors. He then went to Summer Fields School in England, and later to Harrow, graduating from Christ Church, Oxford University with a BA (Hon) in Oriental Studies, followed by an MA. His Royal Highness has also been awarded the Honorary Degree of Science, Bosziçi University, Turkey (1981); Honorary Degree of Doctor of Civil Law, University of Durham (1990); Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humane Letters, Spertus Institute of Jewish Studies, Chicago, Illinois (1995); Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland (1996); Honorary Doctorate from Moscow State Institute for International Relations (1997); Doctorate of Laws, University of Birmingham (1999); Honorary Doctorate from Bilkent University, Turkey (1999); Honorary Degree of Doctor of Laws (Hon LLB) from the University of Hertfordshire (2000): an Honorary Doctorate of Theology from the Faculty of Catholic Theology at the Eberhard-Karls-University in Tübingen, Germany (2001); Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters, University of Oklahoma (2002); Honorary Doctorate, University of York, (2002) and Honorary Doctorate of Laws, University of Portsmouth (2002). Prince El Hassan received the Abu Bakr Al-Siddique Medal of the Organisation of Arab Red Crescent and Red Cross Societies in September 1996 and the 1995 Science and Society Prize in Madrid in 1997. In April 2001, His Royal Highness received the inaugural Gandhi/King/Ikeda Community Builders Prize at the Martin Luther King, Jr. International Chapel during Morehouse College's International Reconciliation Sunday. His Royal Highness was awarded the Distinguished Foreign Visitor Award at the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation in Boston in April 2002, and in June 2003, His Royal Highness received the 2003 Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum Award for the Advancement of Interreligious Understanding.

His Royal Highness was officially invested as Crown Prince to the Hashemite Throne of Jordan in April 1965. Since then, and until the changes in succession brought about by His Majesty the late King Hussein in January 1999, he had served as the King's closest political advisor, confidant and deputy, as well as acting as Regent in the King's absence from the country.

Prince El Hassan initiated, founded and is actively involved in a number of Jordanian and international institutes and committees. In Jordan he chaired the committees overseeing the first development plan 1973-1975, and subsequently the three development plans of 1976-1980, 1981-1985 and 1986-1990. His Royal Highness founded the Royal Scientific Society in 1970; the annual Bilad Al-Sham Conference in 1978; the Al al-Bait Foundation in 1980; the Arab Thought Forum in 1981 and the Jordan Higher Council for Science and Technology in 1987. His Royal Highness established the Islamic Scientific Academy; the Triannual Conferences on the History and Archaeology of Jordan; the Hashemite Aid and Relief Agency; the Centre for Educational Development; the Institute for Diplomacy and the Al al-Bait University in Mafraq.

Always interested in young people, and believing in the importance of their community, His Royal Highness founded the Forum Humanum in 1982 (renamed, in 1988, the Arab Youth Forum); the Crown Prince Award in 1984 (renamed the El Hassan Youth Award in 1999), and its affiliate programme, the Sabilat El Hassan in 1988.

On the international stage, many of Prince El Hassan's ideas and initiatives have acted as a catalyst. Addressing the 36th Session of the United Nations in 1981, His Royal Highness proposed the establishment of the New International Humanitarian Order, which led to a request by the Secretary General to found and co-chair the Independent Commission on International Humanitarian Issues (ICIHI). The final report of the Commission was adopted as a resolution at the 42nd General Assembly.A new initiative, the International Cultures Foundation was established in July 2002 to promote understanding among different cultures and to enhance dialogue between their thinkers and intellectuals. Its functions will be carried out through the Parliament of Cultures, located in Turkey and jointly founded by His Royal Highness and Professor Ihsan Dogramaci, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Bilkent University. The first Assembly of the Parliament of Cultures will take place in December 2003. In July 2003, as a joint initiative with John Marks from Search for Common Ground (SFCG), His Royal Highness launched Partners in Humanity. This project aims to improve understanding, build positive relationships and promote dialogue between the Muslim world and the U.S.

Prince El Hassan chairs and is a member of a number of international committees and organisations. These include: President of the Club of Rome (1999); President of the Board of Directors for the Center for Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution at the University of Oklahoma International Programs Center, USA; Co-Chair of the Independent Bureau for Humanitarian Issues; Member of the International Board of the Council on Foreign Relations; Member of the Board of Directors of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, Washington, DC (2002); Member of the Board of the South Centre (2001) and member of the Committee of Notables of the Institut Catala de la Mediterrania (2001). His Royal Highness served as Chairman of the Policy Advisory Commission for the World Intellectual Property Organisation from 1999-2002; was a Member of the Executive Committee of the International Crisis Group; was an Honorary Member of UNESCO World Commission on Culture and Development; was a Member of the Committee of UNESCO International Interreligious Advisory Committee and was a Member of the Informal Advisory Group to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

In the field of religion, His Royal Highness' contacts and meetings have evolved into a systematic interfaith dialogue, primarily consisting of three ongoing consultations with the Orthodox Centre of the Ecumenical Patriarchate at Chambesy, Switzerland; the Pontifical Council for Inter-religious dialogue at the Vatican; and the Independent Commission on Christian-Muslim-Jewish Relations through the aegis of the Deanery of Windsor. In Jordan, His Royal Highness established the Royal Institute for Inter-Faith Studies in 1994 to complement these activities. In November, 1999 at the 7th World Assembly of the World Conference on Religion and Peace (WCRP), held in Amman, Prince El Hassan accepted the position of Moderator of the WCRP.

Decorated by over twenty nations, His Royal Highness is the holder of the Order of Al Hussein bin Ali, Jordan's highest decoration. He also held the rank of Honorary General in the Jordanian Armed Forces.

Prince El Hassan is the author of seven books:

A Study on Jerusalem (1979) (English)

Palestinian Self-Determination (1981) (English; Arabic)

Search for Peace (1984) (English; Arabic)

Christianity in the Arab World (1994) (English; Arabic; French; Greek; Spanish; Russian; German)

Essere Musulmano - Co-author (2001) (Italian; French and Spanish. Soon to be released in English)

Continuity, Innovation and Change: Selected Essays (2001)

In Memory of Faisal I: The Iraqi Question (2003) (Arabic)

His Royal Highness has been a prolific contributor to newspapers, magazines, periodicals as well as publications on regional and international issues.

Fluent in Arabic, English and French, His Royal Highness studied Biblical Hebrew as part of his degree course, and has a working knowledge of German, Spanish and Turkish.

His Royal Highness married Her Royal Highness Princess Sarvath in 1968. Princess Sarvath comes from a distinguished family of the Indian-subcontinent. They are blessed with three daughters: Princesses Rahma, Sumaya and Badiya, and a son, Prince Rashid; and with five grandchildren - Tariq, Zein El Sharaf, Ali, Sukayna and Aisha.

Prince El Hassan has actively promoted sports within the Kingdom. As President of the Federations for Martial Arts, Polo and Squash, His Royal Highness has overseen the development of these three activities to competitive international levels. In addition to holding a 6th Dan Black Belt in tae kwon do and captaining the Royal Jordanian Polo Team, the Prince enjoys scuba diving, swimming, water-skiing, mountaineering, hiking and skiing. He is a qualified helicopter pilot, and has several parachute jumps to his name. Prince El Hassan enjoys reading, Latin American and Flamenco music as well as cinema. However, His Royal Highness derives the most pleasure in spending time with his family.

Back to top


Mustafa El-TAYEB Mustafa El-TAYEB
/Director, UNESCO Natural Science Sector, Division of Science Analysis and Policies/


Back to top


/Professor Emeritus, Université Catholique de Louvain/

Philippe de Woot de Trixhe holds a PhD in Law and Economic Sciences and is a Harvard Faculty Associate. The Professor Emeritus of the Catholic University Louvain has dedicated much of his career to the observation and study of management and organisations. He describes his field of research and education as follows; organisational strategy, change in a turbulent environment, the ethics and objectives of organisations and their responsibilities to global society.

Philippe de Woot de Trixhe is also board member and advisor to several national and international organisations.

Back to top


Turner ISOUN Turner ISOUN
/Minister of Science and Technology, Nigeria/

Back to top


Anupam VARMA Anupam VARMA
/Chairman, ICSU Regional Committee for Asia and the Pacific/

Dr. Varma is specialist in the area of plant virology using immunological techniques and ultrastrctural characterisations.

Back to top


Evgeny Pavlovich VELIKHOV Evgeny Pavlovich VELIKHOV
/President, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute/

Dr. Velikhov is the President of the Russian Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" - a nationwide complex of research facilities and considered one of the top scientific institutions in the country. It enjoys a special status within the Russian scientific apparatus, reporting directly to the Russian Prime Minister. He is a renowned scientist in the field of plasma physics and controlled thermonuclear fusion, and the inventor of the high impulse magnetic-hydrodynamic high-power generator that is used in electromagnetic soundings of the deep earth crust. He has been a principal arms control negotiator for many years, an international leader of the ITER/Tokamac and other global high energy physics projects, the driving force in development of the Russian Internet, the creator of the Russian branch of computing and informatics in the Russian Academy of Science (and recently named Academician-Secretary (head) of this branch), the creator and initial head of the Soviet (now Russian) Nuclear Safety Institute, former vice president (for 18 years) of the Soviet/Russian Academy of Science, current member of the Russian President's Defense Council, President's Scientific and Technical Policy Council, Co-Chairman of the President's Culture Council, Russia's representative on the International Council for Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion, creator of the Committee of Soviet Scientists for Peace and Against the Nuclear Threat, organizer/creator of "The International Forum for a Non-Nuclear World and the Survival of Humanity," founder of joint US-Russian International Foundation for the Survival and Development of Humanity, an important Soviet/Russian environmentalist, the US-proclaimed "hero of Chernobyl" (who personally oversaw the cleanup of this unprecedented nuclear disaster). In addition to his scientific and political roles, Dr. Velikhov has been active for many years on various children's initiatives. He established the first US-Soviet children's email network in 1988 (which later became I*EARN) and brought Junior Achievement into Russia in 1991, which in 2002 witnessed education of the 2 millionth Russian child in principles and practices of business management and the free market economy.

Back to top


/Co-Chair, the ICSU-ISTS-TWAS Advisory Group on Science for Sustainable Development/

Back to top


/York University, Toronto/

Laura Westra did her undergraduate and graduate work in philosophy, and she received her Ph.D. from the University of Toronto in 1983. IN 2005 she received her second Ph.D. in Jurisprudence at Osgoode Hall Law School, and her new doctoral thesis was published in 2004. She is the president of the Global Ecological Integrity Group (GEIG), and has organized several conferences of that group in conjunction with the IUCN Commission on Law and Environment (CEL), Special Ethics Group (ESG), to which she belongs for the last three years. She has held offices/served in the International Society for Environmental Ethics, the science for Peace Group, the Occupational Ethics Group, the Society for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology (Ontario), the York centre for Applied Sustainability. She is on the Editorial Board of many philosophical and scientific journals, including Environmental Ethics, Environmental Values, the Journal of Ecosystem Health and Global Bioethics. She has been a member of many boards and committees, including the IUCN Commission for Environmental Strategy and Planning, the NSERC/SSHRC Board, the NSF (USA), and the Planning and Implementation Group for the Earth Charter.

Westra has been the Principal Investigator for SSHRC (1992-1999) and for NATO'S Advanced Scientific Research Workshop (1999) and has organized numerous meetings and sessions in that capacity, in Europe, Australia, the U.S. and Canada. She has won several fellowships including the Harley D. Hallett Fellowship (to pursue a law degree), and is currently funded by SSHRC for her second doctorate in Jurisprudence (2001-2004). She has been a consultant for the World Health Organization, the University of Peace (Costa Rica) and the Ontario Government, and she has successfully worked on Environmental Justice together with the lawyers for an African American community in Birmingham, AL. She is legal consultant for a Health Canada Grant (2004-2006 on Governance Instruments and Child Health:Informing Canadian Policy); and Post Doctoral Student on a SSHRC Grant on "Controlling Ecoviolence:Linking Consumption and the Loss of Ecological Integrity to Population, Health, Ecojustice and International Law (2004-2006; University of British Columbia, PI William Rees).

Most of Westra's work is on environmental ethics, policy and law, with special emphasis on human rights and global justice. Westra has published more than 80 articles and chapters in books, and 15 books/monographs:

  • Ecoviolence & The Law (Supranational Normative Foundations of Ecocrime), 2004, Transnational Publishers, Inc., Ardsley, N.Y.
  • Thinking About the Environment: Our Debt to the Classical and Medieval Past, 2002; Laura Westra and Thomas Robinson eds., Lexington Books, Lanham, MD.
  • Just Ecological Integrity: The Ethics of Maintaining Planetary Life, 2002, eds. Peter Miller, and Laura Westra, Rowman Littlefield Publishers Inc., Lanham, MD.
  • Faces of Environmental Racism: Confronting Issues of Global Justice, 2001 2nd ed. Eds., Laura Westra and Bill Lawson, Rowman Littlefield Publishers Inc., Lanham, MD.
  • Implementing Ecological Integrity: Restoring Regional and global Environmental and Human Health, L. Westra, Philippe Crabbe, Alan Holland and L. Ryczkowski, Eds. NATO Scientific Publications, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands 2000.
  • Ecological lntegritv: lntegrating Environment, Conservation and Health. Island Press, Washington. D.C., 2900. The Business of Consumption: Environmental Ethics and the Global Economy, L. Westra and P. Werhane, eds. Rowman Littlefield Publishers Inc., Lanham. MD.,1998.
  • Living in Integrity: Toward a Global Ethic to Restore a Fragmented Earth, Rowman Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 1998.
  • Ecological Sustainability and Integrity: Concepts and Approaches, J. Lemons, L. Westra & Robert Goodland, eds. Kluwer Academic Publishers Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1997.
  • Technology and Values, a collection of readings; eds. Kristin Shrader- Frechette and Laura Westra; with introduction to Ethics by Louis Pojman. Rowman Littlefield Publishers Inc., Lanham, MD, 1997.
  • Perspectives on Ecological Integrity, a collection of papers, one of which by L. Westra, plus introduction. Eds. Dr. John Lemons (Professor of Biology and Environmental Sciences), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1995 (Product of SSHRC Grant, The Integrity Project).
  • Faces of Environmental Racism: Confronting Issues of Global Justice, Rowman Littlefield Publishers, Inc., Series on Social and Political Philosophy, editor, J. Sterba; a collection of essays, edited with introduction by Laura Westra; editor Peter Wenz, 1995.
  • The Principle of Integrity An Environmental Proposal for Ethics, Rowman Littlefield Publishers Inc., Lanham, MD, 1994.
  • Two books (1990 and 1999) on Ancient Philosophy

Westra has taught in both Canada and the U.S. from 1983 to 2000, and her last full time position was Endowed Chair of Environmental Studies at Sarah Lawrence College (NY).

Back to top


/President, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan/

Back to top